Caring for the chronically ill patient: understanding how fear leads to activity avoidance in individuals with chronic respiratory disease.

  • Sarah Miller University of Memphis Loewenberg School of Nursing
Keywords: respiratory disease, fear of dyspnea, activity avoidance, respiratory hyperperception, chronic respiratory disease


The likelihood of taking preventative health actions, such as engagement in physical activity, is affected by individual motivation along with the perceived threat of existing disease. Chronic respiratory disease enhances perceived threat of activity-induced dyspnea and alters the perception of barriers to preventative action. This leads to decreased likelihood of taking the recommended positive health action and engaging in physical activity. Resulting behavior instead is focused on avoidance of disease exacerbation in the form of activity avoidance.

Author Biography

Sarah Miller, University of Memphis Loewenberg School of Nursing

Assistant Professor

Loewenberg School of Nursing


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How to Cite
Miller, S. (2015). Caring for the chronically ill patient: understanding how fear leads to activity avoidance in individuals with chronic respiratory disease. International Journal of Nursing, 3(2), 11-16. Retrieved from
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