A Descriptive Study to Assess Barriers to Screening for Domestic Violence Among Public Health Nurses
Â Domestic violence is a public health issue and public health nurses are in the best position to track it, provided they can overcome certain screening barriers. This study aimed to identify the main barriers public health nurses face while screening patients for domestic abuse. A quantitative, descriptive survey was distributed to public health nurses stationed in three regional public health offices in a large, urban county in Northern California. Thirty-two nurses responded to the survey. Penderâ€™s Health Promotion Model was utilized as a theoretical framework to test and improve nursesâ€™ screening skills by identifying perceived barriers to action and by assessing situational influences. The study results showed three main identified barriers among public health nurses to be a lack of privacy, negative feelings and attitudes regarding screening, and a lack of time. By providing in-service training, educational materials, and accessible computer applications, public health departments can help nurses overcome these barriers. Key words: Barriers; Domestic Violence; Public Health Nurses; Screening.
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